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Preparation and Application

This manual has been developed in accordance with the industrial lubrication techniques applied to gear and chain transmissions, bearings and auxiliary frictional nodes and their application practicalities in bike’s maintenance, using means available in every household.

Download a PDF version. 

Content:

  1. Technicalities 
  2. Revolubes’ effects guarantee 
    Effects description
  3. Preparation
    What you will need

    Cleaning
    Degreasing
  4. Application
    Chains

    Bearings
    Ratchet mechanism
    Cables 
  5. Maintenance and subsequent applications 
    Chains

    Bearings
    Ratchet mechanism
    Cables
  6. Hazardous waste disposal

 

Technicalities

The criteria for lubricants applied to bearings or chain and gear transmissions are highly elevated due to the boundary friction model that occurs in those systems – small amounts of lubricant separating the cooperating surfaces or lack of sufficient separation in addition to high pressures per unit surface and thus high loads being transferred. This obliges the application of lubricants with the EP additives (extreme pressure). At the same time, lubricants must create a durable oil film that is resistant to being washed away or pressed out from between the surfaces, due to accessibility limitations at exploitation stage.
Revolubes™ products meet the criteria by containing the mentioned EP additives and by binding chemically to the metal surface (metallic bonding), forming a durable, monomolecular coating. The established layer is non-washable, impossible to be squeezed-out and resistant to high temperatures. It has extremely high resistance to forces perpendicular to the surface (normal forces), but ultra-low resistance to parallel, shear forces (tangential forces), thereby reducing friction between contacting surfaces from 5 to 7 times. On the other hand, the coating provides great material reinforcement against stretching (tensile forces).
It should be emphasized that the most appropriate moment for application of Revolubes™ products, in order to obtain the best possible results, is the assembly stage due to the accessibility and possibility of supplying the lubricants exactly where friction occurs. Alternatively, if this is not possible, Revolubes™ should be used on brand new components. While application of Revolubes™ on used parts will certainly improve their operation, the effects may not be as good as when applied from scratch.
Revolubes™, due to its properties, alters the wearing-in of the cooperating surfaces from shear (material machining) to plastic (material displacement). This means that during the wearing-in process, the shape irregularities are no longer being cut and extracted, but plastically deformed, pressed and strain hardened. This way the surface irregularities and shape deviations are reduced by moving the material from crests to cavities, strengthening the surface of frictional contact, tightening fit tolerances, thereby increasing the contact area, and thus reducing the load per unit area factor.

 

Revolubes’ effects guarantee

Application of Revolubes™ on used parts will certainly improve their operation, however the effects may not be as good as when applied from scratch.
Revolubes™ guarantees the described effects, provided that the products are being applied on brand new parts, prepared and maintained in accordance with the attached procedure.


Effects 

  1. Exchange of the shear "wear-in" process for "laying-down" of cooperating surfaces, through plastic deformation without material loss.
  2. Tightening fit tolerances between the cooperating parts, while simultaneously decreasing friction between them. This will eliminate excessive surface loads by increasing the contact area and will prolong the time of uninterrupted operation.
  3. Significant increase in load capacity and durability of steel cables, due to tension (stretch) resistance.
  4. Obtaining greater stiffness of the chain in unfavorable planes – bending, twisting.
  5. Significant reduction of internal drag. Smooth gear shifting, better cooperation and reduced wear of chain, cassette, cogs, bearings, cables and so on.
  6. Operational noise reduction - usually intensive wearing is associated with noisy operation.
  7. Greater protection against external contamination and corrosion, due to tighter clearances and dry coating effect.
  8. Longer intervals between maintenances with small amounts of lubricant applied.

 

 

Preparation

Each bike’s component, regardless if it is used or brand new, requires proper preparation for the chemical reaction with Revolubes™ active ingredients. In order to prepare the surfaces correctly, they must be thoroughly washed and degreased to remove the preservative/old grease, production contamination, metal fillings after mechanical treatment (metal, abrasive), wear products (oxides, deposits, etc.) and other impurities, which may affect the operation of a component. Therefore, the preparation step should be carried out with special care.


What you will need

 

  1. 1 litre of solvent capable of dissolving hydrocarbons – e.g. unleaded petrol. Petrol is the last liquid product of crude oil distillation and is capable of dissolving denser oil fractions such as greases and oils.
    Alternatively, you can use white spirit or turpentine.

    Attention!

    Solvent, petrol and turpentine vapours are flammable and can explode.You must not use open fire in their presence! Inhalation of fumes is harmful to your health. Always work with solvents and fuels in prepared, well-ventilated place or in the open air. Always use protective means/clothing.

  2. Detergent containing SLS soaps (Sodium Laureth Sulphate), e.g. cheap shower gel - see the ingredients on the label.SLS soaps are being used in the industry for machinery cleaning from greases and oils. These act as degreasers and coagulants. You will also find them in cleaning agents used by car washes.

  3. Container with a seal lid, big enough to contain the cleaned component.

Cleaning

  1. Clean the surfaces with a wire brush from larger deposits before washing.
  2. Put the component in the container and fill it with fresh solvent, so the component is fully submerged.
  3. Wait for 10 minutes to allow the solvent to penetrate every nook and cranny.
  4. Shake the container vigorously for about 1 minute.
  5. If the petrol is dirty or has changed its colour, replace it with a fresh fill and return to step 2.
  6. If the petrol remains clean and does not change colour, proceed with degreasing.


Degreasing


After cleaning, the solvent needs to be washed off and the surfaces to be degreased to obtain optimal conditions for the chemical reaction to occur. This operation is also required as a supplementary to cleaning as it removes any attached particles, leaving the surfaces chemically inert.

  1. Put the component in the container and fill it with a solution of hot water and detergent.
  2. Wait for 10 minutes for the solution to penetrate every nook and cranny.
  3. Shake the container vigorously for about 1 minute.
  4. Remove the cleaned element and rinse thoroughly with fresh water.
  5. Allow to dry for about 1 hour.

Application

After the component has dried, you can proceed to the application step. Revolubes™ should be applied to each friction node by dosing small amounts of the lubricant.


Attention!


Revolubes™ products are chemically active lubricants. If the label has been lost, mark the container to avoid confusion. Categorically avoid contact with:

  1. Eyes – may cause vision loss or serious damage. In case of contact, wash continuously under running water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if possible. Continue rinsing.
  2. Skin and clothing – may cause skin irritation. In case of contact, wash continuously under running water for several minutes. Remove contaminated clothes.
  3. Do not ingest – poisonous agent. If swallowed, call a POISON CENTRE, or consult your doctor. Always use protective measures/clothing. Keep out of reach of children.


Chains

The dried chain can be mounted on a bike. Revolubes should be applied to each, individual link with the dropper provided, preferably at the chain’s midpoint between rear and drive cog, while moving the drive crank gradually. Apply Revolubes ensuring it penetrates between the contact surfaces of the outer and inner plates, the roller and the inner plate, and further onto the pin. After covering all the links, wait a few minutes for Revolubes to penetrate and then start spinning the crank while smearing any Revolubes’s excess over the chain with a cloth.
The lubricated chain should operate at a low load for approximately 2 hours/40 miles for better penetration and coating settlement. This is a lapping period for the cooperating chain’s parts and surfaces as they are being matched with one another, as well as the connection between rollers and cassette/cogs.

During this time, you need to control the chain’s operation and if necessary (squeaking), apply more Revolubes where needed. All chains will have their elements made with shape deviations within some tolerance, thus some sections may work worse than others.
In addition, some Revolubes™ excess might get pushed out from inside the links during operation, thus keep wiping it with a cloth. After the layer has settled, the chain may appear dry. However, this is not a sign of lack of lubrication.


Bearings

Fill the bearing track with up to 1/3 of its volume, using Revolubes™ Bearing Grease. Exceeding 1/3 of fill is not recommended as this may cause excessive hydrodynamic resistance during operation.


Ratchet mechanism

Cover with a thin layer of Revolubes™ Bearing Grease (up to 0.3 mm thick), ensuring accurate coverage of all surfaces – ratchet ring, pawls and hinges. Turn the assembled mechanism a couple of times to ensure the grease penetrates it thoroughly.


Cables

After inserting a cable into its protector, keep dropping Revolubes™ Chain Lube into the gap in between, until the lubricant starts to flow from protectors opposite end.

 

 

Maintenance and subsequent applications


Chains

Assuming you are doing between 500 – 1000 miles a week, apply small amounts of Revolubes™ Chain Lube after each washing or every two weeks in the summer and once a week in the winter.
Use a solution of warm water and detergent (SLS soaps) for your drive train washing. Rinse with a garden hose or a pressure washer.


Bearings

Inspect every six months. If necessary, add Revolubes Bearing Grease.
If the grease is contaminated, clean and degrease the bearing and lubricate with Revolubes™ Bearing Grease.


Ratchet mechanism

Inspect once a year. If necessary, add Revolubes™ Bearing Grease.
If the grease is contaminated, clean and degrease the ratchet and lubricate with Revolubes™ Bearing Grease.


Cables

Re-lubricate once a month.

 

Hazardous waste disposal

Dispose of used and contaminated petrol, white spirit, turpentine, or any other solvent used for cleaning at your local Household Waste Recycling Centre.
You can find your nearest hazardous waste disposal service here.