Preparation and Application

Download the manual in PDF version (ENG).

This manual has been developed in accordance with the industrial lubrication techniques applied to gear and chain transmissions, bearings and auxiliary frictional nodes and their application practicalities in bike’s maintenance, using means available in every household.

 

Content:

    1. Safety Information
    2. Application Procedure Schematics
    3. Technicalities
    4. Revolubes’ effects guarantee 
      Effects description
    5. Preparation
      What you will need
      Cleaning

      Degreasing
    6. Application
      Chains

      Bearings
      Ratchet mechanism
      Cables 
    7. Maintenance and subsequent applications 
      Chains

      Bearings
      Ratchet mechanism
      Cables
    8. Hazardous waste disposal

Safety Information

DANGER 

 Revolubes - Hazard Sign #1Revolubes - Hazard Sign #2

 

Revolubes™ products are chemically active lubricants. If the label has been lost, mark the container to avoid confusion.


Hazard statements:
May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. Harmful if inhaled. May cause an allergic skin reaction.


Prevention:
Avoid breathing mist/vapors. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves.


Response:
IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing. Call a POISON CENTRE/doctor if you feel unwell. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor. Do NOT induce vomiting.


Storage:
Store locked up. Keep out of reach of children.


Disposal:
Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local

Application Procedure Schematics

 Revolubes Application Procedure Schematics

 

Technicalities

The criteria for lubricants applied to bearings or transmissions, either gear or chain ones, are highly elevated due to the boundary friction model that occurs in those systems – small amounts of lubricant separating the cooperating surfaces or lack of sufficient separation in addition to high pressures per unit surface and thus high loads being transferred. This obliges the application of lubricants with the EP additives (extreme pressure). At the same time, lubricants must create a durable oil film that is resistant to being washed away or pressed out from between the surfaces, due to accessibility limitations at exploitation stage.

Revolubes™ products meet the criteria by containing the mentioned EP additives and by binding chemically to the metal surface (metallic bonding), forming a durable, monomolecular coating (film). The established layer is non-washable, impossible to be squeezed-out and resistant to high temperatures. It has extremely high resistance to forces perpendicular to the surface (normal forces), but ultra-low resistance to parallel, shear forces (tangential forces), thereby reducing friction between contacting surfaces from 7 to 10 times. On the other hand, the coating provides great material reinforcement against stretching (tensile forces).

It should be emphasized that the most appropriate moment for application of Revolubes™ products, in order to obtain the best possible results, is the assembly stage due to the accessibility and possibility of supplying the lubricants exactly where friction occurs. Alternatively, if this is not possible, Revolubes™ should be used on brand new components. While application of Revolubes™ on used parts will certainly improve their operation, the effects may not be as good as when applied from scratch.

Revolubes™, due to its properties, alters the wearing-in of the cooperating surfaces from shear (material machining) to plastic (material displacement). This means that during the wearing-in process, the shape irregularities are no longer being cut and extracted, but plastically deformed, pressed and strain hardened. This way the surface irregularities and shape deviations are reduced by moving the material from crests to cavities, strengthening the surface of frictional contact, tightening fit tolerances, thereby increasing the contact area, and thus reducing the load per unit area factor.

Revolubes’ effects guarantee

Application of Revolubes™ on used parts will certainly improve their operation however, the effects may not be as good as when applied on new parts.

Revolubes™ guarantees the described effects, provided that the products are being applied on brand new parts, prepared, and maintained in accordance with the attached procedure.

Effects 

    1. Exchange of the shear "wear-in" process for "laying-down" of cooperating surfaces, through plastic deformation without material loss.
    2. Tightening fit tolerances between the cooperating parts, while simultaneously decreasing friction between them. This will eliminate excessive surface loads by increasing the contact area and will prolong your gear’s lifespan and time of uninterrupted operation.
    3. Significant increase in load capacity and durability of steel cables, due to tension (stretch) resistance.
    4. Obtaining greater stiffness of the chain in unfavorable planes – bending, twisting. This protects from chain’s and cogs’ deflections and provides more effective chain’s operation at extreme positions of the transmission.
    5. Significant reduction of internal drag. Smooth gear shifting, better cooperation and reduced wear of chain, cassette/freewheel, chain ring, bearings, and cables.
    6. Operational noise reduction - usually intensive wearing is associated with noisy operation.
    7. Greater protection against external contamination and corrosion, due to tighter clearances and dry coating effect.
    8. Longer intervals between maintenances with small amounts of lubricant applied.

     

    Preparation

    Each bike’s component, regardless if it is used or brand new, requires proper preparation for the chemical reaction with Revolubes™ active ingredients. In order to prepare the surfaces correctly, they must be thoroughly washed and degreased to remove the preservative/old grease, production contamination, metal fillings after mechanical treatment (metal, abrasive), wear products (oxides, deposits, etc.) and other impurities, which may affect the operation of a component. Therefore, the preparation step should be carried out with special care.

    What you will need: 

    1.Container with a seal lid, big enough to contain the cleaned component.

    2. Solvent:

    a) Revolubes™ Cleaner – non-flammable formula containing active detergents, capable of removing greases and oils as well as rust deposits and oxides. Can be used with ultrasonic cleaners.


    OR


    b) Unleaded petrol - the last liquid product of crude oil distillation, capable of dissolving denser oil fractions such as greases and oils. Alternatively, you can use white/mineral spirit or turpentine.

    Solvent, petrol and turpentine vapours are flammable and can explode.You must not use open fire in their presence! Inhalation of fumes is harmful to your health. Always work with solvents and fuels in prepared, well-ventilated place or in the open air. Always use protective means/clothing.

    AND

    Detergent containing SLS soaps (Sodium Laureth Sulphate), e.g. cheap shower gel - see the ingredients on the label.SLS soaps are being used in the industry for machinery cleaning from greases and oils. These act as degreasers and coagulants. You will also find them in cleaning agents used by car washes.

     Revolubes - Sodium Laureth Sulphate

      Cleaning:

      With Revolubes™ Cleaner:

      Ensure the component and the cleaner, are both in temperature above +16°C. This is crucial to provide enough energy for the active ingredients’ reaction with component’s material.

      1. Clean the surfaces with a wire brush from larger deposits before washing.
      2. Put the component in the container and fill it with fresh Revolubes™ Cleaner, so the component is fully submerged.
      3. Wait for 2 hours to allow the cleaner to penetrate every nook and cranny and dissolve any solid contamination, oxides, and deposits.
      4. Shake the container vigorously for about 1 minute.
      5. For a brand-new component, take it out from the container and let the cleaner soak down. Wipe it with a cloth and proceed with application step.
      6. For used component, take it out from the container and let the cleaner soak down. Wipe it with a cloth and proceed with degreasing step to remove any leftovers.

      Revolubes - chain before and after treatment with Revolubes CleanerUsed chain before and after treatment with Revolubes Cleaner.

       

      With Alternative Solvent

      1. Clean the surfaces with a wire brush from larger deposits before washing.
      2. Put the component in the container and fill it with fresh solvent, so the component is fully submerged.
      3. Wait for 2 hours (10 minutes for subsequent fills) to allow the cleaner to penetrate every nook and cranny and dissolve any solid contamination, oxides, and deposits.
      4. Shake the container vigorously for about 1 minute.
      5. If the solvent is dirty or has changed its colour, replace it with a fresh fill and return to step 2.
      6. If the solvent remains clean and does not change colour, proceed with degreasing.

        Revolubes - Cleaning  Jar #1Revolubes - Cleaning  Jar #2

        Solvent after cleaning an used chain. Visible colour change and solid residues.


        Degreasing:

        After cleaning, the solvent needs to be washed off and the surfaces to be degreased to obtain optimal conditions for the chemical reaction to occur. This operation is also required as a supplementary to cleaning as it removes any attached particles, leaving the surfaces chemically inert.

        1. Put the component in the container and fill it with a solution of hot water and detergent.
        2. Wait for 10 minutes for the solution to penetrate every nook and cranny.
        3. Shake the container vigorously for about 1 minute.
        4. Remove the cleaned element and rinse thoroughly with fresh water.
        5. Allow to dry for about 1 hour.


        Application

        After the component has been cleaned and de-greased, you can proceed to the application step. Revolubes™ should be applied to each friction node by dosing small amounts of the lubricant or by submerging the component in Revolubes™

          Ensure the component and the lubricant, are both in temperature above +16°C. This is crucial to provide enough energy for the active ingredients’ reaction with component’s material. This is only necessary during application and the bed-in period, after which Revolubes™ performs down to -40°C.

          For components treated with Revolubes™ Bearing Grease (rachet, bearings), the operational load/heat will suffice.


          Chains 

          If you choose to submerge the chain in Revolubes™, allow it a few minutes to penetrate. This method ensures great lube’s penetration and thus, protection of a whole chain, including side plates, which can be easily omitted during pipette application and thus, left exposed to oxidation.

          After pulling the chain out, allow the excess of Revolubes™ to drip back down to the container to avoid losses. Put the chain back on the bike afterwards.

          Alternatively, the dried chain can be mounted and lubricated while on a bike.

          In this case, Revolubes™ should be applied to each, individual link with the dropper provided. Preferably at the chain’s midpoint between cassette/free wheel and chain ring, while spinning the crank gradually.

          Apply Revolubes ensuring it penetrates between the contact surfaces of the outer and inner plates, the roller and the inner plate, and further onto the pin.

          After covering all the links, wait a few minutes for Revolubes to penetrate further and then start spinning the crank while smearing any Revolubes’ excess over the chain with a cloth.

          Revolubes - Application Spots

          Application Spots.

          Such lubricated chain should operate at a low load for approximately 2 hours or 20 miles or 30 kilometers for better penetration and coating settlement. This is a lapping period for the cooperating chain’s parts and surfaces as they are being matched with one another, as well as the connections bet ween rollers and cassette teeth.

          During this time, you need to control the chain’s operation and if necessary (squeaking), apply more Revolubes™ where needed.  All chains will have their elements made with shape deviations within some tolerance, thus some sections may be working better than others.

          It is highly likely, that at this stage some remaining Revolubes™ excess will get pushed out from inside the links during operation, catching dirt and dust.

          Therefore, keep wiping it with a cloth or, after the initial 20 miles, rinse it with a garden hose or a pressure washer to get rid of the carrier. Do not top-up after. Perform a mild, few miles ride to let the chain dry during operation.

          After the layer has settled, the chain may appear dry. However, this is not a sign of lack of lubrication. 

          If it is difficult, or not possible to maintain the temperature regime during the application and lapping period, consider the below “garage procedure”:

          Warm up the whole chain with a heat gun or a substitute. Once the chain gets to temperature, apply Revolubes™ to a link while blowing the hot air stream on it for a while. Move to the next link and treat it the same way.

          After completing the whole chain, spin the crank forwards a few rounds while blowing the hot air on the cassette/chain. This will ensure the lube penetrates inside the links and will also apply some load to the chain. Preferably, repeat the spin for each gear.

          Smear the lube over side plates and wipe off any excess with a rag.

          Rare, but possible side effects:

          In some rare cases, after applying Revolubes™, a chain may get covered with an orange - red colour raid. This usually happens during winter, when a bike is left stationery for a while. The effect is most common for alloys, that contain plenty of iron but a small amount of manganese and chromium.

          Salt coming from road salting, acts as catalysator for the chemical reaction, which performs faster and produces extensive amounts of iron-chloride molecules.

          Iron chlorides are not rust (that is iron-oxides), although they might look similar, due to the red - orange colour. They do not cause chain’s jamming, seizing, or ageing.

          The raid will disappear during couple of minutes of normal operation. You can find more information on iron chlorides under: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_chloride

          Iron Chlorides on a chainIron Chloride deposits.

           

          Enhanced Solution

          For enhanced lubrication and chain’s protection against road salt and abrasive, external contamination such as mud, dirt and gravel, please consider the below procedure. This procedure has been developed in our cooperation with speedway (dirt track) bike racing teams for the purpose of technological and race advantage and is supplementary to the base lubrication with Revolubes™ Chain Lube.

          Advantages:

          1. Enhanced lubrication for inner and outer plate connection, as well as the connection between roller and inner plate. Further friction mitigation.
          2. Protection from external contamination for all link connections by sealing them off from the environment.
          3. Additional corrosion resistance during winter months.
          4. Iron-chloride raid effect mitigation.

          What You will need:

          1. Small, preferably glass made container with a sealed lid.
          2. Revolubes™ Bearing Grease.
          3. Revolubes™ Chain Lube.
          4. Few small bearing balls or something similar in size. These will help with mixing the two components together.

          The aim is to achieve a dense mixture, however applicable with a paint brush. The advisory starting point of Lube to Grease ratio is:

          Lube/Grease = 1ml/10g 

          The Chain Lube pipette applicator is 2 ml in volume.

          Mix by shaking the container vigorously until the mixture becomes uniform.

          Only add more lube if the mixture is too dense to be picked up with a brush.

          Revolubes Liquid Grease

          Mixing Steps

           

          Application:

          Ensure the component and the lubricant, are both in temperature above +16°C. This is crucial to provide enough energy for the active ingredients’ reaction with component’s material. This is only necessary during application and the bed-in period, after which the mixture performs in temperatures between -60°C and +180°C.

          Apply the Revolubes™ mixture by smearing it over the links and side plates with a paint brush, ensuring it gets between the contact surfaces of the outer and inner plates and the roller to the inner plate connection.

          After covering all the links, wait a few minutes for the lubricant to penetrate further and then start spinning the crank while smearing any Revolubes™ excess over the chain with a cloth, including the side plates.

          Examine the connections and add more lubricant if necessary.

           

          Bearings

          Fill the bearing track with up to 1/3 of its volume, using Revolubes™ Bearing Grease. Exceeding 1/3 of fill is not recommended as this may cause excessive hydrodynamic resistance during operation.

          Revolubes - Bearing Grease Application Example

          Ratchet mechanism

          Cover with a thin layer of Revolubes™ Bearing Grease (up to 0.3 mm thick), ensuring accurate coverage of all surfaces – ratchet ring, pawls and hinges. Turn the assembled mechanism a couple of times to ensure the grease penetrates it thoroughly.

          Cables

          After inserting a cable into its protector, keep dropping Revolubes™ Chain Lube into the gap in between, until the lubricant starts to flow from protectors opposite end.

           

           

          Maintenance and subsequent applications


          Chains

          Assuming that you ride around 300 miles a week, apply small top-ups of Revolubes™ Chain Lube once a week or when you observe the chain is getting noisier.

          The re-application intervals may vary from chain to chain, depending on its material and quality.

          Use a solution of warm water and detergent (SLS soaps) for washing your drivetrain. Rinse with a garden hose or a pressure washer.

          If the bike is to be stored stationery after washing, a top-up is advisory as it will push out any moisture from the links.

          Bearings

          Inspect every six months. If necessary, add Revolubes Bearing Grease.
          If the grease is contaminated, clean and degrease the bearing and lubricate with Revolubes™ Bearing Grease.

          Ratchet mechanism

          Inspect once a year. If necessary, add Revolubes™ Bearing Grease.
          If the grease is contaminated, clean and degrease the ratchet and lubricate with Revolubes™ Bearing Grease.

          Cables

          Re-lubricate once a month.

           

          Hazardous waste disposal

          Dispose of used and contaminated petrol, white spirit, turpentine, or any other solvent used for cleaning at your local Household Waste Recycling Centre.
          You can find your nearest hazardous waste disposal service here.